Calibration should be the first thing you do when you buy a new monitor. Adjusting your basic settings can improve color accuracy and the overall viewing experience. And if you’re using your monitor for something where color is important (like photography or design), color calibration is paramount, including your gamut settings.
In this article, we’ll show you how to change your Windows 11/10 gamut settings and improve your monitor’s color reproduction.
What is gamma?
Your monitor’s gamma levels describe the luminance of each pixel at each brightness level. The lower the gamma, the brighter the shadows and vice versa. A lower gamma will make your screen look “flatter” and more faded, while a higher gamma will result in higher contrast.
The ideal gamma settings will be slightly different for each monitor, and some monitors have additional gamma modes that allow you to further customize your display. The default gamut is 2.2 (for the sRGB color space). A gamma value of 2.2 generally gives the most accurate color results for Windows.
Good gamma settings result in higher image quality and depth, while poor gamma can blur details in the shadows or highlights.
The brightness and contrast settings also affect the gamma calibration, so make sure you do all three at the same time. Keep in mind, though, that most monitors won’t achieve a perfect gamut (or other color settings) without more advanced color management software.
Remark: If your monitor is blurry, you probably need to change the resolution rather than the gamma settings.
Change Gamma Settings in Windows 11/10
Changing your screen’s gamma settings is easy and can be done as follows:
- press the Windows key + I to open Settings†
- Select System†
- Select in the left menu Display†
- Where is Multiple screensselect Advanced display settings†
- Select Display adapter properties for display 1 (or whatever view you change).
- Select the Color management tab and select Color management…
- Select the Advanced tab.
- Select Calibrate screen† Opens the Display Color Calibration Wizard. Press Next one to access calibration.
- Move the slider up and down until the dots in the center of the circles are least visible (use the “Good Gamma” image below as a guideline).
- Complete the wizard. You may want to calibrate your brightness, contrast, color and readability of text. If not, you can skip these sections.
Remark: You probably won’t be able to make the dots look identical to the “Good Gamma” image. Do not worry; just try to get it as close as possible. Adjusting the gamma settings of your LCD monitor directly can also help with this.
Change monitor gamma settings
Most LCD monitors have the ability to adjust gamma settings. To do this, open your monitor’s settings menu by pressing the menu button on the monitor itself. Each monitor will be slightly different, but there should be an option to view “image settings” or something similar.
Here should be options for brightness, contrast, sharpness and gamma. Select gamma and adjust the value until your gamma improves. For this method, it is easier to use an online gamma calibration tool.
Use an online gamma calibration tool
The most popular tool for calibrating your gamma settings online is at Lagom† Their calibration image looks like this:
The goal for Windows 11/10’s gamma settings is to “blend” the light and dark bands around 2.2. This means that with the correct gamma settings for your monitor, the light and dark values (which are clearly visible in the photo) should be almost indistinguishable.
Another tool is the W4zt Screen Color Test† This is faster than Lagom, so if you need to adjust your settings right away, this is a good choice. Simply adjust your monitor’s gamma, brightness, and contrast sliders until the 2.2 square is roughly the same hue as the surrounding grid.
Adjusting Gamma Settings with Graphics Drivers
Some graphics card drivers allow you to adjust your gamma settings (including calibrations† It is better to use the Windows calibrated gamma settings, but some monitors respond poorly. In this case, there is no harm in trying to use the graphics card software to compensate.
For NVIDIA graphics cards, do the following:
- Right click on your desktop and select NVIDIA Control Panel†
- To elect Customize desktop color settings below Display in the sidebar.
- Adjust the Gamma slider as desired.
Perfect Windows 11/10 Gamma Settings
Achieving perfect gamma settings on Windows 11/10 can be nearly impossible depending on your monitor, but you can definitely improve it. It’s worth taking the time to adjust your basic monitor settings when you buy a new screen, as it can greatly improve your experience whether you’re watching movies, playing games, or just typing.