While Windows 10 is remarkably stable compared to older versions, the infamous blue screen of death still exists. Windows suddenly shows a BSOD when it encounters a critical problem such as kernel data inpage error, then reboots.
The good news is that BSOD errors are usually easy to spot. The kernel data inpage error suggests that there is a problem with the computer’s memory or hard drive. Maybe the hard drive has bad sectors, or something is wrong with the physical connections. The RAM modules may not be installed correctly. Anyway, most of the time the error is hardware related so here are a few possible solutions that might fix your problem.
The kernel data inpage error can lead to data corruption or loss if it persists. So make sure to backup your system before trying any of our solutions. Store your files on a flash drive, SD card, or use a cloud service. If you need help, check out our detailed backup guidesystem images and recovery in Windows 10.
Check the hardware connections
As with other hardware related issues, there is often a loose wire, a faulty connector, or an incorrectly configured RAM module. Open your computer case and start inspecting every connection.
In particular, check the wires connecting your hard drive. Since some hard drive issues often cause this error, this is a good starting point. Then disconnect the connectors and reconnect them properly in their slots.
Also check the RAM chips. Are they properly placed in their slots? Remove them and reattach them firmly.
Follow the same procedure for each wired component and peripheral. Then restart your computer and see if the kernel data inpage error still occurs. If so, continue to the next step.
Check the file system with Chkdsk
The chkdsk command can be used to fix logical and some physical errors related to your hard drive. Normally this tool is used to inspect the health of the drive, but you can use it with some parameters to fix possible errors.
1. Look for the Command Prompt app by typing cmd in the Windows search box. Command Prompt should be your first result. Right click on it and choose the option to run it as administrator or select the “Run as administrator” option in the right panel.
2. Type the following command: chkdsk X: /r† Type your hard drive letter instead of X.
The /r parameter is the most important part. Its job is to find any bad sectors on your hard drive and recover readable data. Note that this command also contains the /f parameter, which is used to repair physical disk errors. Some believe that you should use both parameters. However, /f is already executed by /r, so it is not necessary.
3. If you get an error message as shown in the image above, just type Yes to schedule the chkdsk operation the next time you restart your computer.
Running an SFC scan
If chkdsk didn’t solve your problem, try running an SFC scan. The System File Checker tool is used to find and replace missing or corrupt system files.
Open the command prompt and type the following command:
Reboot your system once the process is complete and see if the kernel data inpage error still shows up.
Run a memory diagnosis
The RAM can cause the BSOD so you should inspect it with a diagnostic tool. Start with the Windows Memory Diagnostic utility that comes with Windows 10.
1. Type Windows Memory Diagnostic in the Windows search box.
2. Click on the first result to start the tool and select the Now restart and check for problems choice.
Your computer will reboot and you will see the memory test running. At the bottom of the screen, you will see a status bar indicating whether the test has detected memory problems.
If no errors are found, try one of our other solutions.
Update your hard drive drivers
Outdated drivers can cause many errors, including BSOD crashes. So update your hard drive and see if that resolves your kernel data inpage error.
1. Go to the Device Manager† You can find it in the Control Panel or by simply typing “device manager” in the Windows search box.
2. Start the tool and find the Disk drives section. Below that you will find your hard drives. Select each drive, right click on it and choose Update driver from the menu.
Once all your hard drives are up to date, reboot your PC and see if the BSOD persists.
If nothing seems to work, you may need to reset Windows. BSOD errors are sometimes caused by conflicting software or other related issues that are difficult to detect. If so, a factory reset will do.
Keep in mind that this solution involves a full system wipe, so make sure to backup critical data before resetting Windows.
There are several ways to reinstall Windows, but we are going to use the integrated recovery option.
1. Right-click on the Start menu and choose Settings†
2. Select Update & Security and go to recovery†
3. Click on the Get started knob.
4. The safest option is to perform a full wipe. It’s the only way to make sure you’re not dealing with a software problem causing the kerneldata-inpage error. Select the Delete everything option, and Windows returns to a clean slate.
Replace faulty hardware
The last resort is to replace your hardware. If none of our solutions worked for you, change your hard drive and RAM modules. Test one of your old hard drives or borrow one from a friend. Do the same with the RAM. The kernel data inpage error BSOD is usually caused by hardware problems.
Let us know what worked for you in the comments below!